The Bourchier and Bowker Pages

Discovering the ancestry of the South African Bowkers, and the English Bourchiers

Richard York, 3rd Duke of York

Richard York, 3rd Duke of York

Male 1411 - 1460  (49 years)

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  • Name Richard York 
    Suffix 3rd Duke of York 
    Born 21 Sep 1411  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 30 Dec 1460  Wakefield, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I1128  Bourchiers
    Last Modified 4 Apr 2020 

    Father Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Cambridge,   b. 20 Jul 1375, Conisbrough Castle, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Aug 1415  (Age 40 years) 
    Mother Anne Mortimer,   d. 21 Sep 1411 
    Family ID F528  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Cecily Neville 
    Children 
     1. Anne York, Duchess of Exeter
    +2. King Edward York, King Edward IV,   b. 28 Apr 1442, Rouen Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Apr 1483, Westminster Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years)
     3. Edmund York, Earl of Rutland
     4. Elizabeth York, Duchess of Suffolk
     5. Margaret York, of York
     6. George York, 1st Duke of Clarence
     7. King Richard York, King Richard III,   b. 2 Oct 1452, Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Aug 1485, Bosworth Field, Leicestershire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 32 years)
    Last Modified 1 Aug 2015 
    Family ID F582  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Richard_Plantagenet,_3rd_Duke_of_York
    Richard_Plantagenet,_3rd_Duke_of_York
    Keywords: Picture

  • Notes 
    • Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York (21 September 1411 – 30 December 1460), was a leading English magnate, a great-grandson of King Edward III through his father and a great-great-great-grandson of that king through his mother. He inherited great estates, and served in various offices of state in France at the end of the Hundred Years' War, and in England, ultimately governing the country as Lord Protector during Henry VI's madness. His conflicts with Henry's wife, Margaret of Anjou, and other members of Henry's court, as well as his competing claim on the throne, were a leading factor in the political upheaval of mid-fifteenth-century England, and a major cause of the Wars of the Roses. Richard eventually attempted to take the throne but was dissuaded, although it was agreed that he would become King on Henry's death (being Lord Protector and Prince of Wales in the meantime). Within a few weeks of securing this agreement, he died in battle.

      Although Richard never became king himself, he was the father of Edward IV and Richard III.

      Within a few weeks of Richard of York's death, his eldest surviving son was acclaimed King Edward IV, and finally established the House of York on the throne following a decisive victory over the Lancastrians at the Battle of Towton. After an occasionally tumultuous reign, he died in 1483 and was succeeded by his son as Edward V, and York's youngest son succeeded him as Richard III.

      Richard of York's grandchildren included Edward V and Elizabeth of York. Elizabeth married Henry VII, founder of the Tudor dynasty, and became the mother of Henry VIII, Margaret Tudor, and Mary Tudor. All subsequent English monarchs have been descendants of Elizabeth of York, and, therefore, of Richard of York.

      see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_of_York,_3rd_Duke_of_York

  • Sources 
    1. [S1870] Wikipedia, (en.wikipedia.org), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_of_York._3rd_Duke_of_York.