The Bourchier and Bowker Pages

Discovering the ancestry of the South African Bowkers, and the English Bourchiers

Frances Howard, Countess of Essex, Countess of Somerset

Frances Howard, Countess of Essex, Countess of Somerset

Female 1590 - 1632  (42 years)

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  • Name Frances Howard  [1
    Suffix Countess of Essex, Countess of Somerset 
    Born 31 May 1590  [2
    Gender Female 
    Died 23 Aug 1632  [2
    Person ID I1116  Bourchiers
    Last Modified 3 Apr 2020 

    Family 1 Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, Baron Bourchier,   b. 11 Jan 1591,   d. 14 Sep 1646  (Age 55 years) 
    Last Modified 27 Jul 2015 
    Family ID F522  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset 
     1. Lady Anne Carr, Countess of Bedford,   b. 9 Dec 1615, Tower of London, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 May 1684, Woburn Abbey Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
    Last Modified 30 Jul 2015 
    Family ID F535  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Picture Note: from,_3rd_Earl_of_Essex
    Keywords: Picture

  • Notes 
    • Frances Carr, Countess of Somerset (31 May 1590[1][2]– 23 August 1632), born Frances Howard, was an English noblewoman who was the central figure in a famous scandal and murder during the reign of King James I. She was found guilty but spared execution, and was eventually pardoned by the King and released from the Tower of London in early 1622.

      She was born Frances Howard, the daughter of Lord Thomas Howard (later 1st Earl of Suffolk), and his wife, the former Catherine Knyvet. Frances' father was the second son of Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, a wealthy and powerful nobleman during the late 16th and early 17th centuries, and Margaret Audley, Duchess of Norfolk. France's maternal grandparents were Sir Henry Knyvet, of Charlton, Wiltshire, and Elizabeth Stumpe. She was the ten-times-great grandmother of the actress, Celia Imrie.[3]

      Lady Frances Howard was married at the age of 14 to the 13-year-old Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex. The marriage was primarily a political union; they were separated after the wedding to prevent them from having intercourse, with the view that premature sex and pregnancy was to be avoided[citation needed]. Essex went on a European tour (from 1607 to 1609) and when he returned Frances made every effort to avoid him. He was at the time seriously ill with smallpox, but she had also fallen in love with Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset.

      When she finally took the step of annulment, unable to legally represent herself, her father and uncle, Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton, represented her and drew up the libel. The situation quickly attracted public attention, and was widely observed by those with "prurient minds".

      She claimed that she had made every attempt to be sexually compliant for her husband, and that, through no fault of her own, she was still a virgin. She was examined by ten matrons and two midwives who found her hymen intact. It was widely rumoured at the time that Sir Thomas Monson's daughter was a substitute, which is possible because she had requested to be veiled during the examination "for modesty's sake".

      The matter was a subject of mockery and ribald commentary throughout the court, including:

      This Dame was inspected but Fraud interjected
      A maid of more perfection
      Whom the midwives did handle whilest the knight held the candle
      O there was a clear inspection.[4]

      In turn, Essex claimed that he was capable with other women, but was unable to consummate his marriage. According to a friend, one morning (while chatting with a group of male companions) he had stood up and lifted his nightshirt to show them his erection—proving, if nothing else, he was physically capable of arousal. When asked why only she caused his failing, he claimed that "she reviled him, and miscalled him, terming him a cow, and coward, and beast."

      The idea of satanic involvement was seriously considered by the judges and at one point it was proposed that Essex should go to Poland to see if he could be "unwitched". The annulment languished and possibly would not have been granted if it were not for the king's intervention (Somerset was the favourite of King James). James I of England granted the annulment on 25 September 1613. Frances married Somerset on 26 December 1613.

      Sir Thomas Overbury, a close friend and advisor of Somerset, had tried to advise Somerset not to marry Frances Howard, but he was a desirable ally for the powerful Howard family. The family managed to get Overbury imprisoned during the annulment proceedings where he died—curiously enough, the annulment went through eleven days after his death. It was revealed in court that Lady Somerset had him poisoned with the help of her waiting-woman and companion Mrs Anne Turner. The Somersets were both sent to the Tower of London, and later convicted of murder, but spared execution. Frances admitted her complicity in the crime; however, her husband maintained his innocence. They received a pardon from King James in January 1622 and were subsequently released from prison. She died 10 years later at the age of 42.

      Lord and Lady Somerset had one daughter born while Frances Howard was under house arrest [4] before being taken to prison in the Tower of London. She was Lady Anne Carr, who married the 1st Duke of Bedford.

      Titles from birth to death
      31 May 1590 – 21 July 1603: Mistress Frances Howard
      21 July 1603 – 1604: Lady Frances Howard
      1604-26 December 1613: The Right Honourable The Countess of Essex
      26 December 1613 – 23 August 1632: The Right Honourable The Countess of Somerset

  • Sources 
    1. [S1870] Wikipedia, (,,_3rd_Earl_of_Essex.

    2. [S1870] Wikipedia, (,,_Countess_of_Somerset.